Whitemoor Academy's Curriculum Approach
Physical Education (PE) develops children’s knowledge, understanding and skills, so that they can perform with increasing competence and confidence in a range of physical activities. These activities include: dance, games, gymnastics, swimming and water safety, athletics, outdoor adventure, as well as specific sports and fundamental movement skills development.
PE promotes an understanding in children of their bodies in action. It involves thinking, selecting and applying skills and promotes positive attitudes towards a healthy lifestyle – enabling them to make informed choices about physical activity throughout their lives.
At Whitemoor, we have designed a PE curriculum that goes way beyond National Curriculum guidelines; creating a subject which develops both new and existing skills in all children. Throughout their time at school, each pupil will be taught the fundamental movements – which are vitally important in development, not only in PE, but in other subjects too. This approach allows pupils to develop a high level of physical literacy, which can be transferred into numerous sports, physical activities and general healthy play.
All children should be provided with the opportunities to:
- Become physically literate while embarking on their own personal skills journey in an enjoyable environment
- Experience a wide range of traditional and non-traditional sports and activities
- Develop confidence and competence in performing skills individually, as part of a group and, where appropriate, to an audience
- Build social, personal, cognitive, creative and physical skills though a holistic approach to learning
- Pursue aptitudes and interests that promote a healthy lifestyle
- Understand, in an age related way, the effects physical activity and exercise has on their body
Teaching and Learning Approach
We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in PE lessons. Our principal aim is to develop the children’s knowledge, skills and understanding. We do this through a mixture of whole-class teaching and individual/group activities. Teachers draw attention to good examples of individual performance as models for other children, and also encourage children to evaluate their own work as well as the work of other children.
We understand that children learn in different ways and at different rates; therefore objectives, tasks and evaluations are given in various formats to help the children understand what is being asked of them.
Within lessons, we give children the opportunity to collaborate and compete with each other, and have opportunity to use a wide range of resources when doing so. Collaboration and healthy competition act as a vehicle to develop the social, personal, cognitive, creative and physical skills listed within the aims. Additionally, we believe competition provides a ‘real life’ context to apply these skills.
In all classes there are children of differing physical ability. As PE teacher we must recognise this fact and provide suitable learning opportunities for all by matching the challenge of the task to the ability of the child. We achieve this outcome by having a ‘top down’ approach to planning. This means not only are all pupils challenged effectively to reach their potential, but also they have a clear pathway to aspirational development, regardless of ability.
PE is a foundation subject in the National Curriculum. Throughout the course of the year we teach the skills, knowledge and understanding set out in the National Curriculum through a range of activities including dance, games, gymnastics, outdoor and adventure, swimming and water safety, and athletics. As well as this, we also include sports specific planning for KS2 students to improve the transferability of skills over a variety of different outlets.
From Foundation to Year 6, children are provided with an extra 1 hour slot each week that focusses on developing fundamental movements skills with a sub focus of one of the 5 key skills listed in the aims (social, personal, cognitive, creative and physical).
The curriculum planning in PE is carried out in two phases (long-term and short-term). Long long-term plan maps out the PE activities covered in each half term. Short term planning is completed on a weekly basis. Each lesson contains progressive learning objectives and clear pathways for development and assessment, underpinned by Whitemoor’s PE KUSP (knowledge, understanding, skills and processes) ladder statements.
We plan PE activities that build upon the prior learning and give opportunities for children of all abilities to develop their skills, knowledge and understanding in each activity.
The Foundation Stage
We promote the physical development of children in the foundation stage as an integral part of their work. As reception is part of the Foundation Stage, we relate the physical development of the children to the objectives set out in the Early Learning Goals, which underpin the curriculum planning for children aged three to five years of age. We encourage children to develop confidence and control of the way they move, as well as handling equipment and apparatus safely. We give all children the opportunity to undertake activities that offer appropriate physical challenge, both indoors and outdoors, using a wide range of resources to support specific skills.
Each foundation class is given a 1 hour slot per week to work on the fundamental skills programme that runs through every year group at Whitemoor. The activities are planned specifically to help build confidence and competence. We do this through guided experimentation and story based activities, whilst also improving visualisation of the skills they are working on.
Special Educational Needs
At Whitemoor we teach PE to every child, whatever their ability. PE forms part of the school curriculum policy to provide a broad and balanced education to all pupils. Consideration of individual need must be made when teaching PE:
- Epilepsy and diabetes – these children need to be easily identified in the swimming pool (coloured caps).
- Asthmatics – must have their medication to hand at all times.
All disabilities of children are taken into account when completing planning, so that they have appropriate challenges and clear developmental pathways.
Assessment and Recording
Within sports lessons, each pupil will be assessed against our PE KUSP ladders, which highlight different levels of competence in regards to PE knowledge, understanding, skills and processes. Each pupil will be assessed regularly, so to determine if they are on track with the projected year group objectives. This information is also used to highlight the progression of KUSP throughout the child’s time at Whitemoor.
The fundamental skills lessons involve a more pupil led approach to assessment. This involves both regular self-evaluation and peer feedback. We have included such approaches because we believe personal reflection and collaboration are vital skills in the 21st century.
- Children must have a safe place to sit and observe. They should also be involved within the lesson e.g. referee, scorer, observing for good practice. Where this is not possible or appropriate, they will complete a PE split pack in another class.
- Parents should have notified the school to inform of non-participation, either by way of a note, phone call or conversation with the class teacher.
- Swimming – non-swimmers to take work to another class, organised by the class teacher prior to the event.
There are a wide range of resources to support the teaching of PE across the school. We keep our resources up to date and regularly review and replenish if needed. Most of our small equipment is kept in the PE store, and this is accessible to teachers and other adults only. Children should not enter the PE store unless accompanied by an adult. The hall contains a range of large apparatus and we expect children to help set up and put away this equipment as part of their work. By so doing, the children learn to handle equipment safely. Adults will check equipment to ensure it is set up correctly and is ready to use. The children use the school playground and hall for their PE lessons and sports activities.
Monitoring and Review
The work of the subject leader involves supporting colleagues in the teaching of PE; keeping informed about current developments in the subject; and providing a strategic lead and direction for the subject in the school.
At Whitemoor, we strongly believe in both joint practice development and continuing professional development in all subjects. To ensure that class teachers understand and appreciate the learning journeys of their children in PE, they are required to be involved with their classes’ fundamental skills lessons. These lessons work on a 3 week cycle:
- Week 1: PE teacher runs lesson while class teacher provides support with activities and feedback
- Week 2: The PE teacher and class teacher use a ‘team-teach’ approach, in which the class teacher will take change of most elements of the lesson
- Week 3: Class teacher takes charge of the lesson while the PE teacher takes an assistant role
This approach also ensures the benefits of PE and physical activity are understood by all staff and pupils.
Whitemoor provides a wide range of afterschool clubs for all ages of children, aiming to include traditional sports as well as new, exciting sports and activities. We understand that not all children wish to take part in specific sports, so we regularly provide multi-sports or multi-skills clubs that focus on fun and energising games that utilise a range of skills.
We partly base our afterschool club selection on the School Sport Nottingham competition calendar. This ensures that the pupils have sufficient practice to feel confident and competent when taking part in competitions. It also provides purpose and context for lessons and the linked after school clubs.
PE Kit Policy
The purpose of this policy is to:
- Avoid unnecessary non participation by pupils
- Outline the roles of people that are not able to participate fully within the lesson
- Promote desired health and hygiene principles
Short Term Injuries
Where appropriate, pupils with short term injuries (likely to be out of full participation for up to three weeks) will still be expected to bring their PE kit and change into it. They MUST provide a note from either a parent or guardian stating the nature of the injury. The pupil will take on a supporting role within the lesson such as a scorer, official or team manager. Where possible the pupil will be integrated as much as possible, depending on the sport or activity taking place.
Long Term Injuries
For any student carrying long term injuries (likely to be out of full participation for three or more weeks) a parent or a guardian must provide a MEDICAL NOTE from a relevant professional, stating the nature and the projected recovery time of the injury. Where possible, pupils should still bring their PE kit, change into it and take on a supporting role as above. Where injury prevents individuals changing, they will NOT be expected to wear their PE kit.
The expectation is that pupils well enough to be present at school will generally be fit enough to take part in all or some of the activities with the PE lesson. If a parent or guardian feels that their son/daughter is not well enough to participate in the PE lesson, they must provide a note informing the teacher. Again, the pupil will still be expected to change into their PE kit and take on a supporting role, if the teacher deems this appropriate.
For all cases above, all children will be expected to bring PE kit appropriate for both inside and outside lessons.
For safety reasons, NO JEWELLERY OF ANY KIND is permitted to be worn during a PE lesson.
- Ear piercing should take place during the summer holidays to allow time for the ears to heal and the piercings to be removed
- Piercings should be removed BEFORE the lesson and not covered up by plasters.
- Teachers and staff are legally not permitted to remove any piercing or jewellery from pupils
Pupils who fail to follow the jewellery policy will be required to remove any jewellery or piercings themselves. If they are not able to do so then they will not have an active role within the lesson and contact will be made with the pupil’s parents or guardians to inform them of the need for their child to be able to remove their jewellery.
Indoor PE kit
Plain Whitemoor T-shirt or plain white T-shirt
Blue or black polyester shorts
Pumps, plimsolls or sports trainers
Outdoor PE kit
Same as above with the following added (Dependant on weather):
Tracksuit top, non Whitemoor jumper or hoodie
Tracksuit bottoms or leggings